In Europe and Africa, as in much of the rest of the world, 2017 was a year of political upheaval.
Emmanuel Macron, an inexperienced 39-year-old pro-Europe investment banker and ex-economy minister, ran as an independent and beat populist Marine Le Pen to become French president. Six months later, with German Chancellor Angela Merkel mired in a struggle to form a political coalition in her own country, he is increasingly taking a leadership role in Europe and beyond.
In Spain, Catalan separatists declared independence from the rest of the country after a referendum declared illegal by the Spanish government. People who tried to vote were met with police violence, protesters took to the streets, and the movement’s leader fled to Brussels to avoid prosecution.
Negotiating the terms of Britain’s exit from the European Union, meanwhile, was the key political preoccupation in Britain, where Prime Minister Theresa May’s Conservative Party lost its majority in Parliament after she called an ill-advised snap election. She now leads a minority government deeply divided over Brexit.
Russian President Vladimir Putin solidified Russia’s place in the world, exerting political muscle in Syria and elsewhere. He and U.S. President Donald Trump have been engaged in a delicate courtship despite sanctions imposed by each country on the other and a U.S. investigation into possible collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign.
Zimbabwe saw the extraordinary ousting of Robert Mugabe after 37 years in power as the military moved in, hundreds of thousands rallied in the streets and the ruling party began impeachment proceedings. The downfall began when the 93-year-old Mugabe fired his deputy and positioned his wife to succeed him; that deputy is now the new president.
Kenya saw months of deadly political turmoil as the Supreme Court nullified the presidential election, a first in Africa, and ordered a new vote that the opposition leader boycotted, saying electoral reforms had not been made.
In Europe, refugees and migrants continued to arrive, though in fewer numbers and with greater difficulty than at the height of the migrant crisis in 2015.
Aside from politics, 2017 was characterized by chaos and casualties inflicted by the Islamic State group and other extremists. Britain dealt with a series of attacks — in March, a man drove his rented SUV into pedestrians on London’s Westminster Bridge, killing four, then stabbed a police officer to death. In May, a suicide bomber blew himself up after a pop concert, killing 22 people and injuring 116 others. Less than two weeks later, eight people died when three men crashed a van into pedestrians on London Bridge before rampaging through Borough Market with knives. Muslim worshippers also became targets during the holy month of Ramadan, mowed down by an attacker who plowed a van into a crowd leaving prayers at two mosques in north London.
Tragedy struck in June at Grenfell Tower, a 24-story public housing project in London that was engulfed in flames after a refrigerator fire quickly spread through the building. Seventy-one people died, touching off a national reckoning over shoddy construction practices and inadequate fire safety regulations.
In Spain in August, a van plowed into people walking along Barcelona’s famed Las Ramblas, killing 13 and injuring dozens more. Attackers then drove to a seaside resort town and killed another person before five of them were shot to death. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
Somalia had its worst ever attack in October, when more than 500 people were killed by a truck bomb on a Mogadishu street. The government blamed al-Shabab, but no group has claimed responsibility.
In this Sunday, Feb. 5, 2017 photo, tens of thousands of people shine lights from mobile phones and torches during a protest in front of the government building in Bucharest, Romania. Romania's government met Sunday to repeal an emergency decree that decriminalizes official misconduct, a law that has prompted massive protests at home and widespread condemnation from abroad. (AP Photo/Andreea Alexandru)
In this Thursday, Feb. 2, 2017 photo, an Afghan refugee youth washes himself in a hole in the ground outside an old train carriage where he and other migrants took refuge in Belgrade, Serbia. Hundreds of migrants have been sleeping rough in freezing conditions in central Belgrade looking for ways to cross the heavily guarded EU borders. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)
In this Tuesday, Jan. 10, 2017 photo, migrants queue for food in front of an abandoned warehouse in Belgrade, Serbia. Hundreds of migrants are sleeping rough in parks and make-shift shelters in the Serbian capital in freezing temperatures waiting for a chance to move forward toward the European Union. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this Thursday, Feb. 2, 2017 photo, Romanian riot police detain a man, face covered in blood, after minor clashes erupted during a protest in Bucharest, Romania. Brief clashes broke out between protesters and police in Romania's capital, as tens of thousands of people protested for the second night a government decision to decriminalise official misconduct. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
In this Tuesday, July 25, 2017 photo, sub-Saharan migrants receive life jackets as they are rescued by aid workers of Spanish NGO Proactiva Open Arms in the Mediterranean Sea, about 15 miles north of Sabratha, Libya. (AP Photo/Santi Palacios)
In this Thursday, Aug. 31, 2017 photo, African migrants gesture as stand on the deck of the Aquarius vessel of SOS Mediterranee and MSF (Doctors Without Borders) NGOs, in the Mediterranean Sea, southwest of Malta. 265 people rescued from the sea during previous days are being transferred to Italy. (AP Photo/Darko Bandic)
In this Wednesday, June 21, 2017 photo, a dead body of a woman is seen floating on the mediterranean sea, at 20 miles north of Zuwarah, Libya. At least three bodies with sign of decompositions were found by aid organisations on Wednesday, apparently from a recent sinking boat in the area from people who were attempting the perilous crossing of the Mediterranean Sea to Europe in packed boats from Libya. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Sunday, Sept. 10, 2017 photo, Ammar Hammasho, a migrant from Idlib in Syria who lives in Cyprus, holds the hand of one of his four children after they arrived with their mother to a refugees camp in Kokkinotrimithia outside of the capital Nicosia, in the eastern Mediterranean island of Cyprus. (AP Photo/Petros Karadjias)
In this Thursday, Feb. 23, 2017 photo, Russian President Vladimir Putin attends a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow, Russia. The Defenders of the Fatherland Day, celebrated in Russia on Feb. 23, honors the nation's military and is a nationwide holiday. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
In this Thursday, March 30, 2017 photo, Russian opposition leader Alexei Navalny, right, poses for press in court in Moscow, Russia. Navalny attends a court hearing on his appeal. Navalny, who organized a wave of nationwide protests against government corruption was sentenced to 15 days in jail. (AP Photo)
In this Tuesday, May 9, 2017 photo, local residents carry portraits of their ancestors, participants in World War II as they celebrate the 72nd anniversary of the defeat of the Nazis in World War II in St. Petersburg, Russia. About 400,000 people walked in central streets of St. Petersburg in a march named 'Immortal Regiment' while carrying portraits of their relatives who fought in World War II. (AP Photo/Dmitri Lovetsky)
In this Sunday, March 26, 2017 photo, police detain a protester in downtown Moscow, Russia. Thousands of people crowded into Moscow's Pushkin Square on Sunday for an unsanctioned protest against the Russian government, the biggest gathering in a wave of nationwide protests that were the most extensive show of defiance in years. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
In this Friday, July 7, 2017 photo, President Donald Trump shakes hands with Russian President Vladimir Putin at the G20 Summit in Hamburg. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
In this Sunday, Aug. 13, 2017 photo, Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga gestures to thousands of supporters gathered in the Mathare slum of Nairobi, Kenya. Odinga on Sunday condemned police killings of rioters during protests after the country's disputed election and is urging supporters to skip work Monday. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Tuesday, Sept. 5, 2017 photo, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta is reflected in the hood of the presidential vehicle in which he is standing, addresses his supporters on a street in Ongata Rongai, on the outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Saturday, Oct. 28, 2017 photo, opposition supporters attempt to break the door of a shop in order to loot it, in the slum of Kawangware in Nairobi, Kenya. Kenyan opposition areas were calmer Saturday, a day after the country's election commission postponed voting in four restive counties where deadly clashes between police and protesters have occurred.(AP Photo/Darko Bandic)
In this Wednesday, Aug. 9, 2017 photo, residents hold their hands up in the air towards police, as a man genuflects, right, next to the body of a man who had been shot in the head and who the crowd claimed had been shot by police, in the Mathare slum of Nairobi, Kenya. Kenya's election took an ominous turn on Wednesday as violent protests erupted in the capital. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Thursday, Aug. 10, 2017 photo, a man seeking safety walks with his hands in the air through a thick cloud of tear gas towards riot police, as they clash with protesters throwing rocks in the Kawangware slum of Nairobi, Kenya. International observers on Thursday urged Kenyans to be patient as they awaited final election results following opposition allegations of vote-rigging, but clashes between police and protesters again erupted in Nairobi. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Wednesday, June 14, 2017 photo, smoke and flames rise from the Grenfell Tower high-rise building in west London. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Wednesday, June 14, 2017 photo, a resident in a nearby high-rise building watches smoke rise from a massive fire at the high-rise Grenfell Tower in London. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Wednesday, March 22, 2017 photo, emergency services staff provide medical attention to injured people on Westminster Bridge, near the Houses of Parliament in London. The Islamic State group claimed responsibility for the attack by a man who plowed an SUV into pedestrians on the bridge and then stabbed a police officer to death on the grounds of Britain's Parliament. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Wednesday, Sept. 27, 2017 photo, a powerful explosion is seen in the ammunition depot at a military base in Kalynivka, west of Kiev, Ukraine. Ukrainian officials say they have evacuated more than 30,000 people after a fire and ammunition explosions, at the military base. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this Wednesday, July 26 2017 photo, railroad ties burn at the Barca da Amieira-Envendos train station outside the village of Sao Jose das Matas, near Macao, central Portugal. More than 2,300 firefighters with over 700 vehicles are tackling wildfires in Portugal, where large areas of woodland are scorched in the summers. (AP Photo/Armando Franca)
In this Tuesday Aug. 15, 2017 photo, a fire fighting helicopter flies amid smoke as the sun sets during a forest fire near Kapandriti north of Athens. A large wildfire north of Athens is threatening homes as it sweeps through pine forest for a third day, uncontained due to high winds.(AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
In this Tuesday, April 11, 2017 photo, Mount Etna, Europe's most active volcano, spews lava as the Sicilian town of Riposto, Italy, is visible in foreground, during an eruption. (AP Photo/Salvatore Allegra)
In this Sunday, Feb. 19, 2017 photo, a boy takes a selfie with Pope Francis, during a visit to the parish of Santa Maria Josefa del Cuore di Gesu', in Rome. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)
In this Wednesday, May 24, 2017 photo, Pope Francis walks past Ivanka Trump, left, and First Lady Melania Trump on the occasion of the private audience with President Donald Trump, at the Vatican. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)
In this Friday, Jan. 27, 2017 photo, German Chancellor Angela Merkel watches as Former German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeie and his successor and former German Minister for Economic Affairs and Energy, Sigmar Gabriel receive their notices of dismissal and their documents of appointment by German President Joachim Gauck in Berlin, Germany. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn)
In this Tuesday, Oct. 10, 2017 photo, Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan looks on as documents are exchanged after the signing of an agreement after talks with his Serbian counterpart Aleksandar Vucic, in Belgrade, Serbia. Erdogan is on a two-day official visit to Serbia. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
In this Sunday May 7, 2017 photo, incoming French President Emmanuel Macron walks towards the stage to address his supporters at the Louvre Palace in Paris. Polling agencies have projected that centrist Macron will be France's next president, putting a 39-year-old political novice at the helm of one of the world's biggest economies and slowing a global populist wave. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
In this Tuesday, March 14, 2017 photo, former French Economy Minister and candidate for the next presidential election, Emmanuel Macron leaves the University of Lille, during a political rally for his movement, En Marche! (Forward!) in Lille. (AP Photo/Michel Spingler)
In this Friday, Oct. 20, 2017 photo, British Prime Minister Theresa May waits for the arrival of European Council President Donald Tusk prior to a bilateral meeting with European Council President Donald Tusk during an EU summit in Brussels. European Union leaders gathered Friday to weigh progress in negotiations on Britain's departure from their club as they look for new ways to speed up the painfully slow moving process. (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)
In this Friday Aug. 18, 2017 photo, people look from inside a closed shop as counters and far-right protesters argue during a gathering after a van attack in Barcelona, Spain. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
People flee the scene in Barcelona, Spain, on Aug. 17, 2017, after a van jumped the sidewalk in the historic Las Ramblas district, crashing into a summer crowd of residents and tourists and injuring several people. (AP Photo/Giannis Papanikos)
In this Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017 photo, people pay respect at a memorial tribute of flowers, messages and candles to the victims on Barcelona's historic Las Ramblas promenade on the Joan Miro mosaic, embedded in the pavement where the van stopped after killing at least 13 people in Barcelona, Spain. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez)
In this Monday, Aug. 21, 2017 photo, two men look at flags, messages and candles placed on the ground after a van attack that killed at least 14 people in Las Ramblas promenade in Barcelona, Spain. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Saturday, Oct. 14, 2017 photo, Somalis remove the body of a man killed in a blast in the capital Mogadishu, Somalia. A huge explosion from a truck bomb has killed at least 20 people in Somalia's capital, police said Saturday, as shaken residents called it the most powerful blast they'd heard in years. (AP Photo/Farah Abdi Warsameh)
In this Friday, Nov. 17, 2017 photo, Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe sits for formal photographs with university officials, after presiding over a student graduation ceremony at Zimbabwe Open University on the outskirts of Harare, Zimbabwe. Mugabe made his first public appearance since the military put him under house arrest earlier this week. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Tuesday, Nov. 21, 2017 photo, Zimbabweans celebrate outside the parliament building immediately after hearing the news that President Robert Mugabe had resigned, in downtown Harare, Zimbabwe. Mugabe resigned as president with immediate effect Tuesday after 37 years in power, shortly after parliament began impeachment proceedings against him. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Monday, April 3, 2017 photo, Alfred Wani lays on a bed in the clinic at the Imvepi refugee settlement in northern Uganda. Alfred fell ill during the night and had to have blood drawn. (AP Photo/Jerome Delay)
In this Thursday, Nov. 16, 2017 photo, workers try to remove a vehicle wedged into the entrance of a home in the town of Mandra western Athens. A major flash flooding on Wednesday that left at least 21 people dead, turned streets into torrents of mud and debris that swept away cars, collapsed walls and submerged parts of a major highway. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
In this Wednesday, March 8, 2017 photo, riot police clash with protesting farmers outside the greek Agriculture Ministry, in Athens. Police fired tear gas to prevent farmers from forcing their way into the ministry building, while protesters responded by throwing stones. No injuries or arrests were reported. Protesters are angry at increases in their tax and social security contributions, part of the income and spending cuts Greece's left-led government has implemented to meet bailout creditor-demanded budget targets.(AP Photo/Thanassis Stavrakis)
In this image provided by Gabriele Sciotto taken on Saturday, June 3, 2017, one of the suspects from the London Bridge attack, wearing what appear to be canisters strapped to his chest, lies on the ground after being shot by police outside Borough Market in London. Dramatic footage from London's Borough Market shows three attackers viciously stabbing a man just before police converge and shoot them all dead. The footage, believed to be from a surveillance camera, shows the final moments of the attack that started when the three rammed a van into pedestrians on busy London Bridge late Saturday. (Gabriele Sciotto via AP)
In this Thursday March 23, 2017 photo, police forensic officers work in Parliament Square overseen by the statue of Winston Churchill outside the Houses of Parliament in London. On Wednesday a knife-wielding man went on a deadly rampage, first driving a car into pedestrians then stabbing a police officer to death before being fatally shot by police within Parliament's grounds in London. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)
In this Tuesday May 23, 2017 photo, people cry after a vigil in Albert Square, Manchester, England, the day after the suicide attack at an Ariana Grande concert that left 22 people dead as it ended on Monday night. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Tuesday, April 11, 2017 photo, Nazi concentration camp survivor Alexander Bytschok of Kiev, Ukraine, mourns on a metal plaque during the commemoration ceremonies for the 72th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany. (AP Photo/Jens Meyer)
In this photo taken on Friday, July 14, 2017, a student at a paramilitary camp for children calls the rank to attention outside Kiev, Ukraine. As the deadly conflict in eastern Ukraine entered its third year, some parents in Ukraine are anxious to make sure their children are ready to fight it, instead of swimming and playing volleyball. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
In this Wednesday, March 15, 2017 photo, an elderly woman wearing a traditional hat waits her turn to cast her vote for the Dutch general elections at a polling station in a school in Staphorst, Netherlands. Mark Rutte, the Dutch prime minister who had pushed the electorate through five years of tough economic measures, emerged victorious in a bruising battle with Geert Wilders, whose relentless invective against all things Muslim and anything from the European Union failed to earn him the breakthrough that many had come to count on as a given. (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)
In this Friday May 19, 2017 photo, Julian Assange looks out the window from the Ecuadorian embassy in London. Sweden's top prosecutor says she is dropping an investigation into a rape claim against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange after almost seven years. Assange took refuge in Ecuador's embassy in London in 2012 to escape extradition to Sweden to answer questions about sex-crime allegations from two women. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
In this Saturday, Feb. 18, 2017 photo, riot Police officers apprehend a protester during clashes at a demonstration against alleged police abuse, in Paris. Anti-racism groups and other activists are gathered in Paris in support of victims of police violence, after a young black man was allegedly raped with a police baton in an incident that prompted violent protests in impoverished suburbs. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
In this Friday, April 21, 2017 photo, a bullet hole is pictured on a shopwindow of the Champs Elysees boulevard in Paris. France began picking itself up Friday from another deadly shooting claimed by the Islamic State group, with President Francois Hollande convening the government's security council and his would-be successors in the presidential election campaign treading carefully before voting this weekend. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
In this Saturday, March 25, 2017 photo, a woman argues as Belarus police block a street during an opposition rally in Minsk, Belarus. A cordon of club-wielding police blocked the demonstrators' movement along Minsk's main avenue near the Academy of Science. Hulking police detention trucks were deployed in the city center. (AP Photo/Sergei Grits)
In this Sunday, 1 Oct. 2017 photo, Spanish riot police swings a club against would-be voters near a school assigned to be a polling station by the Catalan government in Barcelona, Spain. Spanish riot police have forcefully removed a few hundred would-be voters from several polling stations in Barcelona. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez)
In this Sunday, 1 Oct. 2017 photo, Spanish riot police shoots rubber bullet straight to people trying to reach a voting site at a school assigned to be a polling station by the Catalan government in Barcelona, Spain. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Tuesday Oct. 3, 2017 photo, a woman wearing an estelada or independence flag walks a long a street covered with referendum ballots threw by pro-independence demonstrators, during a rally in front of the Spanish Partido Popular ruling party headquarters in Barcelona, Spain. Labor unions and grassroots pro-independence groups are urging workers to hold partial or full-day strikes throughout Catalonia to protest alleged brutality by police during a referendum on the region's secession from Spain that left hundreds of people injured. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Tuesday Oct. 3, 2017 photo, a couple, tourists from Switzerland, sunbath at a terrace overlooking Universitat square as demonstrators gather in protest in downtown Barcelona, Spain. Labor unions and grassroots pro-independence groups are urging workers to hold partial or full-day strikes and demonstrations throughout Catalonia to protest alleged brutality by police during a referendum on the region's secession from Spain that left hundreds of people injured. (AP Photo/Enric Marti)
In this Sunday, 1 Oct. 2017 photo, pro-referendum supporters gather at a school assigned to be a polling station by the Catalan government in Barcelona, Spain. Catalan pro-referendum supporters vowed Saturday to ignore a police ultimatum to leave the schools they are occupying to use in a vote seeking independence from Spain. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Saturday, Nov 11, 2017 photo, an independence flag is waved as demonstrators take part at a protest calling for the release of Catalan jailed politicians, in Barcelona, Spain. Eight members of the now-defunct Catalan government remain jailed in a related rebellion case. Former regional president Carles Puigdemont and four other ex-cabinet members fled to Belgium where they are fighting extradition. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
In this Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2017 photo, Spain's Queen Letizia, left, talks to Juliana Awada, the wife of the Argentina's President Mauricio Macri, during a welcome ceremony at the Royal Palace in Madrid. Macri and his wife Awada are on the first of a four day official visit to Spain. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
In this Monday Nov. 27, 2017 photo, Britain's Prince Harry and Meghan Markle walk away after posing for the media in the grounds of Kensington Palace in London. It was announced Monday that Prince Harry, fifth in line for the British throne, will marry American actress Meghan Markle in the spring, confirming months of rumors. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 11, 2017 photo, a Syrian refugee child walks barefoot on frozen ground at the refugee camp of Ritsona about 86 kilometers (53 miles) north of Athens. The European Commission said conditions for refugees on islands and other camps where they are housed in tents despite severe cold weather, is "untenable." (AP Photo/Muhammed Muheisen)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 25, 2017 photo, people walk through an underpass in Astana, Kazakhstan. The Kazakh capital was hit by a heavy gale and a snowfall with a temperature of - 6 C (F 21). (AP Photo/Sergei Grits)
In this Saturday, Dec. 2, 2017 photo, history enthusiasts dressed in period regimental costumes take part in a re-enactment of Napoleon's famous battle of Austerlitz to mark its 212th anniversary near Slavkov u Brna, Czech Republic. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)
In this Tuesday, Jan. 10, 2017 photo, a woman walks past "Umbrellas" sculpture, by George Zongolopoulos, at the seafront of the northern Greek city of Thessaloniki. Snow closed hundreds of schools in the country, as added pressure on the government to speed up winter preparations for thousands of refugees living in camps around the country. (AP Photo/Giannis Papanikos)
In this Sunday Jan. 1, 2017 photo, people enter the North Sea with some hundreds of others to celebrate the New Year during the traditional New Year's Dive in Ostend, Belgium. Temperatures reached around 0 degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit). (AP Photo/Geert Vanden Wijngaert)
In this Thursday, Jan. 26, 2017 photo, a man trains in the outdoor gym in Timiryazevsky Park in Moscow, Russia. The morning temperature in Moscow is roughly minus -18 degrees Celsius (-0.4 Fahrenheit). (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
In this April 1, 2017 picture, a man wearing a mask and dressed to represent 'El Hungaro' a traditional character from the La Vijanera de Silio carnival looks for a wooden stick during a traditional Spanish mask gathering parade in the small village of Casavieja, Spain. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza)
In this Wednesday, April 12, 2017 photo, a woman wearing the traditional mantilla from "La Paz" brotherhood takes part during a Holy Week procession in Cordoba, Spain. Hundreds of processions take place throughout Spain during the Easter Holy Week. (AP Photo/Manu Fernandez)
In this Feb. 3, 2017 photo, a member of the Endiablada brotherhood march sounds his cowbells during the "Endiablada" traditional festival in Almonacid del Marquesado, Spain. Since medieval times, the 400 residents of Almonacid del Marquesado have celebrated the "Endiablada" (Brotherhood of the Devils) festival each Feb. 2-3. Members of the town‚ all-male religious brotherhood dress up in what they consider devil-type characters, donning colorful jumpsuits and red miter hats. They each carry heavy copper cowbells around their waist, which they clang incessantly, and some run and jump to make as much noise as possible. Each man in the brotherhood also has his own wooden staff that they have inherited or carved, some of which include images of a devil. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza)
In this Saturday, Feb. 25, 2017 photo, a reveler, dressed as "Diablos de Luzon" or Luzon Devil's, covered in oil and soot carrying bull horns on his head and cowbells on a belt representing the devil, and others dressed as "Mascaritas" take part in the carnival celebration in the small village of Luzon, Spain. Preserved records from the 14th century document Luzon's carnival, but the real origin of the tradition could be much older. Carnival festivals are celebrated in their own way around hundreds of villages in Spain. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza)
In this Tuesday, April 11, 2017 photo, penitents from 'Cristo de la Buena Muerte' or 'Good Dead Christ' brotherhood take part in a procession in Madrid, Spain. Hundreds of processions take place throughout Spain during the Easter Holy Week. (AP Photo/Daniel Ochoa de Olza)
In this Thursday, April 13, 2017 photo, two female penitents take their coffees on a bar during the procession of the "Exaltacion de La Santa Cruz" brotherhood, during Holy Week in Zaragoza, northern Spain. Hundreds of processions take place throughout Spain during the Easter Holy Week. (AP Photo/Alvaro Barrientos)
In this Wednesday, June 21, 2017 photo, a demonstrator holds up a picture of a bull during a protest against bullfighting in Madrid. For some people bullfighting is a traditional spectacle in Spain but animal rights activists see it as torture against animals. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
In this Saturday, May 27, 2017 photo, four women wait at a bus stop in front of an advertising poster for swimwear and beach wear in Madrid, Spain. (AP Photo/Paul White)
In this Thursday, Oct. 26, 2017 photo, two Icelandic horses play in their paddock in Wehrheim, near Frankfurt, Germany. (AP Photo/Michael Probst)
In this Oct. 26, 2017 photo, a man leaves a closed metro station in Anbelokipi district of Athens during a 24-hour strike by Athens Metro workers. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
In this Monday, Aug. 7, 2017 photo, the August full moon rises above the 5th Century BC Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounio, south of Athens. More than a hundred of Greece’s ancient sites - but not the Acropolis in Athens - and museums were kept open until late Monday and concerts organized to allow visitors to enjoy the full moon, which is accompanied by a partial lunar eclipse. (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
In this Saturday, Feb. 4, 2017 photo, a local resident walking in a street is seen through a hole in an apartment building damaged by shelling in Avdiivka, Ukraine. Fighting in eastern Ukraine sharply escalated this week. The Ukrainian command said Saturday that several soldiers were killed in the past day. (AP Photo/Evgeniy Maloletka)
In this Wednesday, Oct. 18, 2017 photo, people are silhouetted behind the windows of an office, in Milan's Porta Nuova business district, Italy. (AP Photo/Luca Bruno)
In this Monday, Jan. 23, 2017 photo, horses graze in a paddock with fog enveloping the trees behind them, as seen from Leith Hill in Surrey, south west of London. Thick fog has caused numerous flight delays and cancellations at London Heathrow and other area airports. The Met Office issued a severe weather warning for London and most of southern England as driving conditions were also hazardous and slippery. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Saturday, July 22, 2017 photo, a man jumps into the water surrounded by his family at lake 'Chiemsee' in Chieming, Germany. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
In this Friday, July 21, 2017 photo, a fly, above, and the ant feed on chamomile nectar in a field on the outskirts of Minsk, Belarus, during a sunny summer's day. (AP Photo/Sergei Grits)
In this Sunday, Aug. 6, 2017 photo, a man cools off in a river in Buzau, Romania. A heatwave with an extreme temperatures of up to 42 Celsius (107.6 Fahrenheit) affected Romania over the past week and is expected to continue for the coming days in parts of the country. (AP Photo/Andreea Alexandru)
In this Wednesday, June 14, 2017 photo, a journalist, backdropped by a Soviet era built MIG 21 Romanian Air Force jet fighter operates a phone while waiting for Britain's defense minister Michael Fallon's arrival at the Mihail Kogalniceanu air base, Romania. Britain's defense minister praised Romanian and British pilots for protecting the Black Sea region from "the persistent threat of Russian aggression," saying that Britain remains committed to NATO and the European security. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
In this Thursday, April 6, 2017 photo, people play tennis at a private club as smoke rises from a chimney at a nearby factory in Hayange. (AP Photo/Emilio Morenatti)
From the soccer field to the world championship track to the Tour de France, The Associated Press covered sports around Europe in 2017.
One of the most iconic pictures of the year involved Marouane Fellaini, a Belgium midfielder who plays for Manchester United. During a match in August, an AP photographer captured an image of Fellaini’s scrunched-up face after being hit with the ball.
The AP was also there when Usain Bolt ran his final race. The Olympic great ended up third in the 100 meters and then pulled up with an injury at the end of the 4x100 relay.
Other events, such as the Tour de France and Wimbledon, also received extensive coverage, as did sports like soccer, golf, and cricket.
In this Sunday, Feb. 12, 2017 photo, Slovenia's Miha Hrobat competes during a men's downhill race, at the alpine ski World Championships in St. Moritz, Switzerland. (AP Photo/Alessandro Trovati)
In this Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2017 photo, forerunners prepare the track prior to the women's 5 km cross-country individual classic qualification competition at the 2017 Nordic Skiing World Championships in Lahti, Finland. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
In this Wednesday, Jan. 4, 2017 photo, French cyclist Robert Marchand, aged 105, cycles in a bid to beat his record for distance cycled in one hour, at the velodrome of Saint-Quentin en Yvelines, outside Paris. Marchand established a new world record on Wednesday in the UCI 105-plus category, which has been created especially for the tireless veteran, riding 22.547 kilometers in one hour. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
In this Sunday, Sept. 10, 2017 photo, Moto GP rider Jorge Lorenzo of Spain falls off his bike during the San Marino Motorcycle Grand Prix at the Misano circuit in Misano Adriatico, Italy. (AP Photo/Antonio Calanni)
In this Monday, May 15, 2017 photo, Maria Sharapova of Russia wipes sweat form her face during a tennis match against Christina Mchale of the United States, at the Italian Open tennis tournament, in Rome. (AP Photo/Andrew Medichini)
In this Tuesday, May 30, 2017 photo, Romania's Simona Halep reaches for the ball as she plays Slovakia's Jana Cepelova during their first round match of the French Open tennis tournament at the Roland Garros stadium in Paris. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
In this Saturday, Nov. 18, 2017 photo, England's Danny Care smiles as he goes over the line for England's fourth try during their rugby union international match between England and Australia at Twickenham stadium in London. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
Manchester United's Marouane Fellaini heads the ball during the UEFA Super Cup final soccer match between Real Madrid and Manchester United at Philip II Arena in Skopje, on Aug. 8, 2017. (AP Photo/Boris Grdanoski)
In this photo taken Sunday, June 4, 2017, South Sudanese refugees watch a match between refugee men's soccer teams, in the Bidi Bidi refugee settlement in northern Uganda. Soccer fields and inter-village competitions are found across the world's largest refugee settlement and even more are being created, underscoring the importance of sport in a community trying to forget the horrors of war with a rare source of entertainment in an otherwise dreary existence. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)
In this Tuesday, May 16, 2017 photo, Arsenal's Olivier Giroud hits the ball across goal, which Alexis Sanchez scored their side's second goal from during the English Premier League soccer match between Arsenal and Sunderland at the Emirates Stadium in London. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Saturday June 3, 2017 photo, Real Madrid's Cristiano Ronaldo connects with an overhead kick during the Champions League final soccer match between Juventus and Real Madrid at the Millennium stadium in Cardiff, Wales. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
In this Friday, July 21, 2017 photo, a woman with an umbrella stands next to a lavender field as she watches the riders pass during the nineteenth stage of the Tour de France cycling race over 222.5 kilometers (138.3 miles) with start in Embrun and finish in Salon-de-Provence, France. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
In this Wednesday, July 5, 2017 photo, Britain's Geraint Thomas, wearing the overall leader's yellow jersey, and new overall leader Britain's Chris Froome, left of Thomas, are reflected in a pond as they ride in the pack during the fifth stage of the Tour de France cycling race over 160.5 kilometers (99.7 miles) with start in Vittel and finish in La Planche des Belles Filles, France. (AP Photo/Christophe Ena)
In this Saturday. Sept. 23, 2017 photo, athletes take the start of the swimming portion of an Ironman Triathlon competition, in Cervia, northern Italy. (AP Photo/Alessandro Trovati)
In this Saturday July 22, 2017 photo, Northern Ireland's Rory McIlroy reacts to a missed putt on the 4th green during the third round of the British Open Golf Championship, at Royal Birkdale, Southport, England. (AP Photo/Dave Thompson)
In this Tuesday, May 16, 2017 photo, Spanish bullfighter Roman Collado performs with a Lagunajanda ranch fighting bull during a bullfight at the Las Ventas bullring in Madrid, Spain. (AP Photo/Francisco Seco)
In this Sunday, June 18, 2017 photo, Pakistan's captain Sarfraz Ahmed, left, jumps over a teammate after they defeated India by 180 runs during the ICC Champions Trophy final at The Oval in London. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)
In this Saturday, July 15, 2017 photo, Brazil's Marcelo Melo falls to the ground with his shirt covering his face as he celebrates after he and his playing partner Poland's Lukasz Kubot, defeated Austria's Oliver Marach, and Croatia's Mate Pavic in the Men's Doubles final match on day twelve at the Wimbledon Tennis Championships in London. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth)
In this Sunday, July 16, 2017 photo, Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton of Britain celebrates after winning the British Formula One Grand Prix at the Silverstone racetrack in Silverstone, England. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
In this Saturday, Aug. 5, 2017 photo, United States' Justin Gatlin, left, crosses the line to win gold ahead of silver medal winner United States' Christian Coleman, second right, and bronze medal winner Jamaica's Usain Bolt, right, in the men's 100m final during the World Athletics Championships in London. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Saturday, Aug. 5, 2017 photo, United States' Justin Gatlin bows to Jamaica's Usain Bolt after winning the Men's 100 meters final during the World Athletics Championships in London. (AP Photo/Tim Ireland)
In this Tuesday, Aug. 8, 2017 photo, athletes compete in the men's 3000-meter steeplechase final during the World Athletics Championships in London. (AP Photo/Matthias Schrader)
In this Saturday, Aug. 12, 2017 photo, fireworks for the winner go off as Jamaica's Usain Bolt falls after suffering an injury, during the men's 4x100-meter final at the World Athletics Championships in London. (AP Photo/Frank Augstein)
In this Wednesday, Sept. 13, 2017 photo, Paris officials unveil a display of the Olympic rings on Trocadero plaza that overlooks the Eiffel Tower, after the vote in Lima, Peru, awarding the 2024 Games to the French capital, in Paris, France. Paris will host the 2024 Summer Olympics and Los Angeles will stage the 2028 Games — a pre-determined conclusion that the International Olympic Committee has officially ratified in a history-making vote. (AP Photo/Francois Mori)
In this Sunday, July 30, 2017 photo, a Bosnian jumper, launches himself while holding burning torches, during traditional night jump from the Old Mostar Bridge, in Mostar, 140 kms south of Bosnian capital of Sarajevo. A total of 41 divers from Bosnia and neighbouring countries competed diving from the 25 meter (82 feet) high Old Mostar Bridge into the Neretva River. (AP Photo/Amel Emric)
Curated by Europe and Africa Regional Photo Editor Tony Hicks.