Julia Weeks1 Comment

Pirates preying on Venezuelan fisherman as industry unravels

Julia Weeks1 Comment
Pirates preying on Venezuelan fisherman as industry unravels

The pirates had killed Flaco Marval's brother and two cousins, and word was they were coming for the rest of the family.

So the skinny 17-year-old and the other Marval men ran to grab the guns they'd soldered together from kitchen pipes, smoked an acrid-smelling drug to boost their energy, and went out into the night to patrol the sandy village streets. Flaco was flying high.

"We just have to kill these thugs, and then we can go back to fishing like we always did," he said.


In this Nov. 2, 2016 photo, fishermen from the Marval family bring their boat to shore after fishing all night, in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Gangs of out-of-work fishermen prey upon those like the Marval clan who still venture out into the open sea, stealing their catch and their motors, tying them up, throwing them overboard, and sometimes shooting them. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


Pirates are terrorizing the coastal state of Sucre, once home to the world's fourth-largest tuna fleet and a thriving fishing industry.

That trade has collapsed, along with virtually every industry across Venezuela. Gangs of out-of-work fishermen prey upon those who still venture out into the open sea, stealing their catch and motors, tying them up, throwing them overboard, and sometimes shooting them. The robberies have taken place daily this year, and dozens of fishermen have died.

"People can't make a living fishing anymore, so they're using their boats for the options that remain: smuggling gas, running drugs and piracy," said Jose Antonio Garcia, leader of the state's largest union.

Venezuela's once booming oil economy is on its knees under socialist President Nicolas Maduro. In the low-lying western ranching region, cattle are dying for lack of feed. The mineral-rich states to the east no longer produce metal. In the agricultural heartlands, farmers wait in food lines to buy the crops they once grew before fertilizer ran out. Across the petroleum belt, rigs and refineries are silent, and this month has seen the rise of gas lines in a country with the world's largest oil reserves.

               "I've never seen this kind of total implosion without there being a war to cause it," said Venezuelan economist Alejandro Grisanti, formerly with Barclays Capital.


In this Nov. 8, 2016 photo, children from the Marval family eat breakfast before going to school in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. After a pirate gang threatened to kill the entire Marval family, some of the clan started keeping their children home from school. Some also stopped going to the state-run hospital because the area is controlled by the gang leader who threatened them. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


Here on the coast, the catch is down to less than a third of the 120,000 tons of tuna Venezuela produced in 2004. In June, Sucre was the epicenter of food riots that swept through the country. Punta de Araya families got through the summer by eating "dog soup," a broth made from seawater and the small fish that are usually thrown back.

"Those little sardines saved all our lives," library administrator Efren Pares said.

              Desperate, Venezuelans are stealing what remains from fatter times, robbing fishing boats of their nets, power generators and outboard motors. The warm Caribbean sea is increasingly becoming a grim free-for-all.


In this Nov. 7, 2016 photo, suspects of violent crimes ask police for food, as one holds out money, from inside a holding cell at the municipal police station in Cumana, Sucre state, Venezuela. While police provide food, prisoners get most of their food and drinks from their families. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

Seven members of the Marval clan were preparing to return home one night in September when they heard shots.

"There's no way to run when you're stopped dead in the water, so I just started praying, 'God, let them leave without hurting us,'" 42-year-old Edecio Marval said.

Instead, after stealing the boat's motor and the night's catch, the men shot dead Edecio's oldest child, who had kept the group laughing all night with cheesy jokes, and two others.

As they prepared to kill Edecio's teenage nephew, one pirate shouted for the others to stop. "No, that's my friend," he said. They had fished together until last year.

So the group sped off, leaving the surviving Marvals to send flashes of light into the darkness. They wept as the bodies of their loved ones grew cold beside them.


In this Nov. 2, 2016 photo, fishermen from the Marval family give instructions to a skiff towing their boat to sea as they head out for a night of fishing in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Every night, the fishermen risk getting robbed and even killed by pirates roaming the seas. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


Back home in the village of Punta de Araya, they told police they had recognized the pirates' leader: It was El Beta, a 19-year-old killer with 40 men at his command who lived a half mile down the road.

El Beta began calling Flaco Marval, threatening to come back and wipe out the whole clan.

"Your brother cried like a little bitch when I killed him. Now I'm coming for all of you snitches," he said in a taunting voice message the family turned over to police.

The Marvals hunkered down. Along with their neighbors, they gave up going to the state-run hospital up the hill because that area was controlled by El Beta. They stopped sending their kids to school. And they started nightly patrols.

"It's not safe to leave the house," said Tibisay Marval, whose son was killed.


In this Nov. 8, 2016 photo, children play baseball on the beach in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Many private fishing companies have left Venezuela for other countries because the government requires them to sell half of their catch for virtually worthless bolivars. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


One of Venezuela's poorest states, Sucre had been a bastion of support for the socialist revolution launched by the late President Hugo Chavez. That support is waning since the government nationalized the region's largest fishing company, Pescalba, in 2010, with mostly disastrous results. On a recent workday, more than half of the company's fleet bobbed uselessly at the dock, holes gaping where the ships' decks and sides had rusted open.

The main port is so quiet, it looks like workers are on strike. Many private companies have decamped to other countries because the government requires them to sell half of their catch for Venezuela's virtually worthless currency, the bolivar.

"We fishermen know the meaning of labor, but we can't work if we have nothing to work with," said 57-year-old Fernando Patino.

In October, pirates left Patino and his brother bound with twine in their small motorized skiff, miles from shore. Patino managed to wriggle loose, and the men spent seven hours rowing home with a plank of wood torn from the boat's side.

On the night they prepared to face down El Beta, Flaco spotted a soldier darting beneath a streetlight with a Kalashnikov rifle. Soon, the streets were filled with villagers hoping the coast guard had caught a group of pirates.

"Let's see if someone gets killed!" a neighbor shouted.

As the throng pushed in, soldiers loaded three men onto a cargo truck. But the villagers started to protest that they had the wrong guys; they knew the suspects to be honest fishermen. The soldiers let the men go.


In this Nov. 10, 2016 photo, women argue with a National Guard, saying they've detained the wrong men while cracking down on pirates in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. After villagers protested they knew their suspects to be honest fishermen, the soldiers let the three men go. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


Women began crowding around a lieutenant. Why hadn't he helped get their motors back? When was he going to take a stand against El Beta?

The lieutenant urged patience. But later he confessed that he too wanted to see El Beta dead. 

Five officers have been charged with storming a nearby village and killing nine members of a fishing family widely thought to have belonged to a gang. State security forces also killed three suspected pirates at sea this year, and arrested one of El Beta's men for the Marval murders. But officers are reluctant to make mass arrests because the jails are already packed full, with prisoners sleeping in shifts at night.

"You hear piracy and you think of guys robbing container ships in Africa. But here it's just poor fishermen robbing other poor fishermen," said Sucre lawyer Luis Morales. "It's the same kind of crime we've seen in the streets, but spreading to the sea. Tomorrow, it will be taking over life on the farms or in the mountains."

Shortly after the soldiers left Punta de Araya, the Marval women started getting warnings from friends in El Beta's neighborhood that 15 members of his gang were preparing to attack.

The women debated whether to call back the coast guard and risk being labeled rats. Just as they decided to make the call, the village's power and cell service went out, as if cut by a hostile force. Panicked, they went to alert Flaco and the others. 


In this Nov. 12, 2016 photo, Mariela Cabello, right, grieves after her brother was killed along with eight other villagers in Cariaco, Sucre state, Venezuela. Five law enforcement officers were charged with storming the village and killing nine men from a fishing family, who were widely thought to have belonged to a gang. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


The cousins rushed to their armory of homemade handguns and rifles, hidden in a cinderblock hut with a sheet hung for a door.

Laughing at each other's coughing fits, they smoked cocaine-laced marijuana through a long glass pipe they'd fashioned out of a fluorescent light bulb. They tried to psych themselves up for battle by listening again to El Beta's threatening message, crowding around a half-broken flip phone.

"Remember how we used to take naps on the beach with money in our pockets?" one cousin said.

"This isn't going to be over until someone kills that guy," said another.

Suddenly, the dogs began to bark. The young men shot out to the street to see if the gang was on its way. They kept up their patrol for hours, pausing every once in a while to smoke from the glass pipe.

Eventually, the barking died down. The power came back on. El Beta did not show up. 

The Marval women stayed awake until dawn, playing dominos near a shrine to the three slain men. Flaco's aunt Petra Marval said they worry about the cousins, but see no other option.

"Flaco could be killed here in the streets," she said. "But he could be killed out at sea, too."


In this Oct. 30, 2016 photo, children play inside a depot used by fishermen to store their nets and repair boats in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Desperate, Venezuelans are stealing what remains from fatter times, robbing fishing boats of their nets, power generators and outboard motors, making the warm Caribbean sea increasingly a grim free-for-all. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Oct. 31, 2016 photo, the Marval family fish at night in the sea, off Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Sucre was the epicenter of food riots that swept through the country in June, and Punta de Araya families got through the summer by eating "dog soup," a broth made from seawater and the small fish that are usually thrown back. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 2, 2016 photo, a member of the Marval fishing family who goes by the nickname "El Chukiti" holds a homemade gun as he guards against a possible pirate attack as fishermen unload their catch in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. The family's self-defense group calls themselves "Los Cainos." (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 2, 2016 photo, fishermen from the Marval family get some sleep before waking up early to push out to sea before sunrise, at their home in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Depending on the tide, the men wake around 2am and fish all night until sunrise. During the day, they sell their catch and repair fishing equipment like nets and motors. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 2, 2016 photo, members of the Marval family, who patrol at night while other members of their family fish at sea, respond to what appeared to be the start of an attack by pirate gang leader "El Beta" in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. The family says El Beta is a 19-year-old killer with 40 men at his command who threatened to kill their entire clan days after murdering three Marvals at sea and stealing their night's catch. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 3, 2016 photo, lead emergency room doctor Norka Patino treats a man who was shot in Cumana, Sucre state, Venezuela. Patino, who's been working at the hospital for over 20 years, said she has to use the same needle on various patients and that many die unnecessarily of heart attacks, diarrhea, asthma and from bacterias picked up at the hospital. The band on her arm is the Venezuelan flag accented with a black band to protest her hospital's lack of basic supplies. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 6, 2016 photo, a dead dog lies outside deteriorated government-built homes, put up during former President Hugo Chavez's presidency, painted in Venezuela's flag colors in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. The homes sit in an abandoned area located between turf controlled by the Marval fishing family and rival clan "Los Betas" that the Marvals call pirates. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 7, 2016 photo, "El Menor," a member of "Los Cainos" self-defense group formed by the Marval fishing family, holds a homemade gun before starting a night patrol to help protect fishermen from pirate attacks in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Pirates are terrorizing the coastal state of Sucre, once home to the world's fourth-largest tuna fleet and a thriving fishing industry. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 7, 2016 photo, suspects of violent crime crowd a holding cell at the municipal police station in Cumana, Sucre state, Venezuela. Police are reluctant to make mass arrests of pirates robbing and killing fishermen at sea because the jails are already packed full, with prisoners sleeping in shifts at night. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 8, 2016 photo, Jorge Marval naps in his boat under a plastic sheet after fishing all night, as the sun rises off Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. The fishing trade has collapsed, along with virtually every industry across Venezuela. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 8, 2016 photo, retired fisherman Victor Duran, 75, from the Marval family, poses for a portrait in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. Duran's children and grandchildren are carrying on the fishing tradition but facing a phenomenon his generation would have never fathomed: pirates stealing boat motors and killing them out at sea. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 9, 2016 photo, children play "pirates" on a fishing boat in Cumana, Sucre state, Venezuela. "You hear piracy and you think of guys robbing container ships in Africa. But here it's just poor fishermen robbing other poor fishermen," said Sucre lawyer Luis Morales. "It's the same kind of crime we've seen in the streets, but spreading to the sea. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 11, 2016 photo, a municipal police officer stands amid stolen engines seized from pirates, at the police station in Punta de Araya, Sucre state, Venezuela. "People can't make a living fishing anymore, so they're using their boats for the options that are left: smuggling gas, running drugs, and piracy," said Jose Antonio Garcia, leader of the state's largest union. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 12, 2016 photo, the corpses of seven of nine men who were shot in the head while on their knees lie at the morgue in Cariaco, Sucre state, Venezuela. Five law enforcement officers were charged with storming the village and killing these men from a fishing family who were widely thought to have belonged to a gang. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 13, 2016 photo, villagers carry the remains of nine slain men from a fishing family to the cemetery in Cariaco, Sucre state, Venezuela. Five law enforcement officers were charged with storming the village and killing these men, who were widely thought to have belonged to a gang. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 13, 2016 photo, relatives of nine men from a fishing family, who were shot in the head while on their knees, mourn them at the cemetery in Cariaco, Sucre state, Venezuela. Five law enforcement officers were charged with storming the village and killing these men, who were widely thought to have belonged to a gang. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)

In this Nov. 30, 2016 photo, fishermen rest after selling their catch at the fish market in the port of Cumana, Sucre state, Venezuela. Here on the coast, the tuna catch is down to less than a third of the 120,000 tons Venezuela produced in 2004. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd)


Text from the AP news story, Pirates preying on Venezuelan fishermen as industry unravels.

Photos by Rodrigo Abd

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