Pregnant refugee women living in informal tent settlements are among the most vulnerable of the hundreds of thousands of Syrians who have found shelter in Jordan. They often can't afford doctor visits and face potential health hazards because of lack of running water and other challenges.
By contrast, pregnant women in Jordan's three official refugee camps have access to free services, including pre-natal care and delivery, according to the U.N. refugee agency. Zaatari, the largest camp, saw more than 3,500 births last year, out of a total more than 18,000 babies born to refugee mothers in 2014, the agency says.
Nearly 3.8 million Syrians have fled their country and are now registered as refugees, according to the United Nations. Most face increasingly desperate circumstances.
Pregnant women who spoke to The Associated Press in makeshift tent camps near the northern Jordanian town of Mafraq say they are fearful of an uncertain future.
"A couple of weeks ago, I couldn't feel my baby moving in my belly so I panicked and didn't know what to do since I can't afford heading to a clinic and check," says Huda Alsayil, who fled fighting in Hama three years ago and is five months pregnant.
Wadhah Hamada from al-Hasaka says she has no clue how her four-month pregnancy is progressing.
"I can't afford to pay 50 Jordanian dinars ($70) for my ultrasound and other medical checks," she says. "Our future is dark, my life is in a tent and my first child's life won't be different."
Khalida Alfarraj from Idlib suffers from low blood sugar and dizziness two months into her pregnancy, but cannot afford medicine.
"I am so scared, this is my first baby," Alfarraj says. "I want to send a message to every pregnant woman in the world, feel blessed to have a safe roof and a family around you."
Here is a series of portraits by AP photographer Muhammed Muheisen of pregnant Syrian refugee women living in makeshift camps.
See more images
Text from the AP news story, AP PHOTOS: Pregnant Syrian refugees fearful of future, by Muhammed Muheisen.
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Nat Castañeda is an interdisciplinary visual artist based in Brooklyn, New York. A California native, Castañeda works primarily in video and collage, with an emphasis on tactile intimacy with her materials remaining an important aspect of all her projects. Common issues in Castañeda’s work are the conflating of iconography and pornography, the questioning of traditional gender binaries, and the role of technology within personal narratives. She received her MFA from the School of Visual Arts and has shown at venues such as El Museo del Barrio and Electronic Arts Intermix. In addition to her art practice, Castañeda currently works at The Associated Press where she leads a team that curates AP's online archive of historic and contemporary photojournalism. Castañeda’s photography has appeared in the New York Times,U.S. News & World Report and USA Today.