Brazil's homeless

The most fortunate of them have tents. The rest use black-and-blue plastic tarps draped over bamboo trunks to keep the brutal tropical sun from melting them at midday.

About 3,000 people from Brazil's Homeless Workers Movement, which invades open lands and buildings in cities across the continent-sized nation, pitched their shelters a few days ago on six large tracts in and around the capital of Brasilia.

"I came to Brasilia over 20 years ago and I've not been able to find housing," said Amanda Santana, a 39-year-old mother of three girls in one of the camps. "I work as a maid and on what I earn I can't pay rent. ... My only hope is to receive government housing."

On Wednesday, leaders of the homeless group and government officials came to an agreement that might make Santana's dream come true. Authorities promised to set aside land for low-income housing for those in the camps, in return for them leaving the land they have occupied since Saturday.

Until that happens, the reluctant nomads of the homeless movement in Brasilia go about their days in as normal a fashion as possible.

Women use branches of palm trees as makeshift brooms to keep camp grounds clean. They serve their families dinners of rice, vegetables and scraps of chicken meat, all piled into recycled margarine tubs. Children on the South American summer school break fly kites, roughhouse in their tents and on rainy nights gather with adults around fires to chat.

"We live from camp to camp," said Faustina Araujo, 41. "Me, my husband and daughter need housing, and we have no other option but to be in the (homeless) movement."


See full collection of Brazil's Homeless Workers Movement


Text from the AP news story, AP PHOTOS: 3,000 homeless to leave areas seized in Brasilia, by Eraldo Peres. 


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Nat Castañeda is an interdisciplinary visual artist based in Brooklyn, New York. A California native, Castañeda works primarily in video and collage, with an emphasis on tactile intimacy with her materials remaining an important aspect of all her projects. Common issues in Castañeda’s work are the conflating of iconography and pornography, the questioning of traditional gender binaries, and the role of technology within personal narratives. She received her MFA from the School of Visual Arts and has shown at venues such as El Museo del Barrio and Electronic Arts Intermix. In addition to her art practice, Castañeda currently works at The Associated Press where she leads a team that curates AP's online archive of historic and contemporary photojournalism. Castañeda’s photography has appeared in the New York Times,U.S. News & World Report and USA Today.